UG Syllabus

Course No. ANN-111                                                                                 Credits: 2+1=3
 
Title of Course: Principles of Animal Nutrition
 
Theory:
 
Importance of nutrients in animal production and health. Composition of animal body. Composition of plants. Nutritional terms. Importance of minerals in animal health and production, Classification of minerals. Major and trace minerals, their importance in animal health and production, their requirement and supplementation in feed. Importance of vitamins in animal health and production, Classification of vitamins. Water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, their importance in animal health and production, their requirement and supplementation in feed. Common feeds and fodders, their classification.  Various types of concentrates and roughages, its importance for livestock health and production and availability. Measures of food energy and their applications, gross energy, digestible energy, metabolizable energy and net energy Total digestible nutrients, Starch equivalent, food units and physiological fuel value. Direct calorimetry. Indirect calorimetry, Carbon nitrogen balance. Protein evaluation of feeds- Measures of protein quality in ruminants and non-ruminants, By pass protein. Biological value of protein, protein efficiency ratio, protein equivalent. Digestible crude protein, Calorie protein ration and nutritive ratio. Various physical, chemical and biological methods of feed processing for improving the nutritive value of inferior quality roughages. Preparation, Storage and conservation of livestock feed trough silage and hay, its use in livestock feeding. Harmful natural constituents and common adulterants of concentrates and fodders. Feed additives in the rations of livestock and poultry, Antibiotics and Hormonal compounds and other growth stimulants, their uses.
Practical
 
Familiarization of various feed stuff, fodders and their selection. Preparation and processing of samples for chemical analysis-herbage and silages. Preparation and processing of samples for chemical analysis- faeces and urine. Weende’s system of analysis, Proximate principles in feed – general views and its main features. Estimation of dry matter, total ash, acid insoluble ash, crude protein, ether extract, crude fibre and calculation of nitrogen free extract in feed samples. Estimation of calcium and phosphorus in feed samples. Demonstration of detergent method of forage analysis. Qualitative detection of undesirable constituents and common adulterants of feed. Demonstration of laboratory ensiling of green fodders. Silage pit preparation. 
 
 
Course No. ANN-121                                                             Credits: 2+1=3
 
Title of Course: Applied Nutrition- I (Ruminants)
 
Theory 
Scientific feeding & its Importance. Feeding experiments, different methods of feeding experiments. Digestion & metabolic trials, norms adopted in digestion trial. Measurement of digestibility by conventional methods. Indirect method of determining digestibility. Indicator method of determining digestibility. Determining pasture consumption & its digestibility. Factors affecting digestibility of feed. Feeding standards, their uses & significance. Merits and demerits of various feeding standards with respect to ruminants. Energy and protein requirement of livestock for maintenance, production. Methods adopted for arriving energy and protein requirement for maintenance, production in terms of growth, reproduction, milk, meat, wool and work. Balanced ration & its characteristics, formulation of rations & feeding of dairy cattle & buffaloes. General principles of computation of rations. Formulation of ration for lactating cattle ad buffaloes. Feeding of dairy cattle & buffalo- Calf stage (up to weaning), Growth stage and mature animal, pregnant & dry animals, breeding bulls & working animals. Feeding of sheep & goat- kids and lambs, pregnant & lactating doe & ewes, meat and wool production. Utilization and importance of NPN in livestock feeding.
Practicals 
Demonstration of conducting digestion trial in ruminants. Calculation of nutritive value in terms of DCP, TDN, SE and NR (Nutritive ratio). Calculation of requirements of nutrients in terms of DCP, TDN & ME for maintenance, growth, production, reproduction and work. Formulation of ration for growing, lactating and dry cattle and buffaloes. Demonstration of methods of improving the nutritive value of straws & other crop residues. Formulation of ration for feeding livestock during scarcity period. Visit to feed factory.
 
Course No. ANN-211                                                             Credits: 2+1=3
 
Title of Course: Applied Nutrition-II (Non-Ruminants, Poultry and Laboratory Animals)
 
Theory 
 Factors affecting digestibility of feed, Energy and protein requirement for broilers  and  layers (Poultry), Energy and protein requirement for swine- piglet, grower, lactating and pregnant sows, fattening pigs and breeding boar. Energy and protein requirement for maintenance,  production, growth and reproduction, Methods adopted for arriving at energy and protein requirement for production- egg, meat and work, Formulation of ration for poultry as per BIS, ARC and NRC standards, Formulation of ration for swine as per BIS, ARC and NRC standards, Formulation of ration for horse as per ARC and NRC standards, Feeding standards, their uses & significance, Merits and demerits of various feeding standards- mono-gastric animals & poultry. Feeding of swine- piglets, growers, pregnant, lactating sow, breeding boar and fattening animals (with conventional and un-conventional feeds), Feeding of equine- foal, yearling, brood mare, stallion and race horses. General principles of feeding poultry, Feeding of poultry- Broiler Starter and finisher, Feeding of poultry- Chick, grower, layers and breeders, Feeding unconventional feeds to poultry, Feeding of duck, Significance of carbohydrate, lipids, proteins- amino acids, minerals and vitamins in laboratory animal nutrition, Nutrient requirement, feeding practices and diet formulation for mice and rat, Nutrient requirement, feeding practices and diet formulation for rabbit, guinea pig, Feed supplements to non-ruminants. Feed supplements to poultry and laboratory animals.
 
Practicals
 
  Calculation of requirement of DCP for maintenance, growth, production and reproduction for non- ruminants. Calculation of requirement of TDN for maintenance, growth, production and reproduction for equines, Calculation of requirement of ME for maintenance, growth, production and reproduction. Formulation of ration for Broilers. Formulation of ration for Layers. Formulation of ration for swine- Creep ration. Formulation of ration for swine- grower and finisher ration. Principles of compounding and mixing of feeds. Visit to broiler and layer farm.

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