PG Syllabus

Lecture and Practical Schedule of M. V. Sc. Animal Reproduction (I. C. A. R)
Minimum Credit Requirements
 
Major subject: The subject (department) in which the students takes admission
 
Minor subject: The subject closely related to students major subject. A suggested list
of specified minor subjects is given in Table 1.
 
Supporting subject: The subject not related to the major subject. It could be any
subject considered relevant for student’s research work.
 
Non-Credit Compulsory Courses: Please see the relevant section for details. Six
Courses (PGS 501-PGS 506) are of general nature and are compulsory for Master’s
programme. Ph. D. students may be exempted from these courses if already studied
during Master’s degree.
 
Subject
Master’s programme
Major
28
Minor + Supporting(minimum 6 for minor & 3 for supporting)
11Minor (6-8), Supporting (3-5)
Seminar
01
Research
20
Total Credits
60
Compulsory
Non Credit Courses
 
Table 1. Suggested list of specified minor subjects (departments)
 
Major Subject
Minor Subjects*
Animal ReproductionGynecology andObstetrics 
Veterinary Surgery & RadiologyVeterinary PhysiologyVeterinary BiochemistryVeterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics & JurisprudenceAnimal BiotechnologyVeterinary Pharmacology & ToxicologyAnimal Nutrition
*The choice of minor courses other than those listed above, may be allowed on the
recommendations of advisory committee, if essentially required as per the research
problem, with the concurrence of Head of the department and Dean post graduate studies.
 
COMPULSORY NON-CREDIT COURSES
(Compulsory for Master’s programme in all disciplines; Optional for Ph.D. scholars)
 
CODE
COURSE TITLE
CREDITS
PGS 501
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES
0+1
PGS 502
TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATIONS SKILLS
0+1 
PGS 503(e-Course)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND ITS MANAGEMENT
1+0 
PGS 506(e-Course)
DISASTER MANAGEMENT 
1+0
.
M.V. Sc.
Subject
Semester I
Semester II
Semester III
Semester IV
Total
Major
11
11
06
28
Minor
04
04
08
Supporting
03*
03*
03
Seminar
01
01
Research
05
15
20
Total
15/18**
15/18**
12
15
60
Non credit
01/02/03/04
01/02/03/04
01/02/03/04
——-
04***
Total
No totaling to be calculated with inclusion of non credit courses
 
*Course to be registered either in first or second semester
**Total should not exceed more than 36 credits during first year
*** As per decision of advisory council of institute or directives of academic cell in consultation with Associate Dean
 
Subject wise breakup
 
Major Courses
 
Semester I: VOG 601 (3+1=4) VOG 602 (3+1=4) VOG 607 (0+3=3)     Total 06+05=11
 
Semester II: VOG 603 (2+2=4) VOG 604(3+1=4) VOG 608 (0+3=3)     Total  05+06=11
 
Semester III: VOG 605(2+1=3) VOG 606 (2+1=3) VOG 691 (1+0=1)    Total  05+07=12
VOG 699 (0+5=05)               
                                  
SemesterIV: VOG 699 (0+15=15)                                                             Total  0+15=15  
 
ANIMAL REPRODUCTION, GYNAECOLOGY, & OBSTETRICS
Course Structure – at a Glance
CODE
COURSE TITLE (M. V. Sc.)
CREDITS
VOG 601
GENERAL GYNAECOLOGY
3+1
VOG 602
FEMALE INFERTILITY
3+1
VOG 603
VETERINARY OBSTETRICS
2+2
VOG 604
ANDROLOGY & MALE INFERTILITY
3+1
VOG 605
SEMEN PRESERVATION AND ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
2+1
VOG 606
REPRODUCTIVE BIOTECHNOLOGY
2+1
VOG 607
CLINICAL PRACTICE I
0+3
VOG 608
CLINICAL PRACTICE II
0+3
VOG 691
MASTER’S SEMINAR
1+0
VOG 699
MASTER’S RESEARCH
0+20
 
 
 
 
M. V. Sc. Lecture Schedule
 
VOG 601: GENERAL GYNAECOLOGY: 3+1
 
Objective
To understand hormonal regulation of female reproduction and therapeutic
management of infertility.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                            08 Periods
Puberty and sexual maturity, role of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in
attainment of puberty and sexual maturity, onset of postpartum ovarian
activity, Endocrine regulation of estrous cycle.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                          08 Periods
Folliculogenesis, oogenesis and ovulation and associated endocrine pattern,
manipulation of follicular waves, synchronization of estrus and ovulation
and induction of ovarian activity.
 
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                        06 Periods
Gamete transport, fertilization, implantation and maternal recognition of
pregnancy.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                       08 Periods
Embryonic and fetal development, placentation, fetal circulation and
gestation, position of fetus in the uterus, age characteristics of fetus.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                         08 Periods
Pregnancy diagnosis: clinical, ultrasonographic, endocrinological and other
diagnostic laboratory tests. Pseudo-pregnancy and its treatment.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                       08 Periods
Factors affecting reproduction – seasonality, nutrition, stress, environment,
management, suckling and diseases.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                      02 Periods      
Lactation and artificial induction of lactation.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 48
 
Practical
 
Clinical examination of female genitalia:                                                         01 practical
 
Biometry of female genital organs:                                                                  02 practicals
 
Rectal and vaginal examination to diagnose cyclic phases of estrous cycle:  02 practicals
 
Fern pattern of cervical mucus and exfoliated vaginal cytology.:                    01 practical
 
Pregnancy diagnosis in large and small animals by various methods.:           04 practicals
 
Estimation of age of the fetus.;                                                                         01 practical
 
Use of ultrasound / RIA / ELISA in Gynaecology.                                        04 practicals
 
Synchronization of estrus and ovulation in farm animals:                              01 practical
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16
 
Suggested Readings
Cupps PT. 1991. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Academic Press
 
Hafez ESE. 2000. Reproduction in Farm Animals. Lippincott, Williams &Wilkins.
 
Pubedam MH & Pubedam MH. 2003. McDonald’s Veterinary
Endocrinology and Reproduction.IowaState Press.
 
NoakesDE, Parkinson DJ & England GCW. 2001. Arthurs Veterinary
Reproduction and Obstetrics. Saunders HarcourtIndia.
 
Roberts SJ. 1976. Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. ScientificBook Agency
 
VOG 602: FEMALE INFERTILITY: 3+1
 
Objective
To impart knowledge and training in diagnosis and treatment of infertility
in female domestic animals.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                        08 periods
Introduction to infertility, classification, economic impact. Anatomical
causes of infertility, congenital and hereditary causes and acquired defects.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                     05 periods
Nutritional causes of infertility. Importance of body condition score.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                    04 periods
Managemental and environmental causes of infertility. Out of season
breeding.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                   06 periods
Infectious causes of female infertility, specific and non-specific infections.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                    08 periods
Ovarian dysfunction: anoestrus, cystic ovarian degeneration, anovulation,
delayed ovulation and luteal insufficiency.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                  03 periods
Repeat breeding: its causes, diagnosis and treatment.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                 03 periods
Early embryonic death (EED): causes, diagnosis and therapeutic
management.
 
UNIT VIII:                                                                                                08 periods
Abortion: infectious and non-infectious causes, diagnosis and prevention of
abortion.
 
 
UNIT IX:                                                                                                  03 periods   
Interactions in Immunological mechanisms and infertility.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 48
 
Practical
Record keeping:                                                                              01 practical
 
Herd fertility assessment and management:                                   02 practicals
 
Diagnosis and treatment of infertility in female animals:              04 practicals
 
Use of uterine swabs for bacterial and fungal culture:                   01 practical
 
Histo-pathological evaluation of uterine biopsy:                            02 practicals 
 
Exfoliated vaginal cytology;                                                            01 practical
 
Hormone assay.:                                                                              02 practicals
 
Use of ultrasonography in diagnosis of infertility:                          02 practicals
 
Immuno diagnostic techniques:                                                      01 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16
 
Suggested Readings
 
Laing JA. 1979. Fertility and Infertility in Domestic Animals. English
Language Book Soc. & Bailliere Tindall.
 
Morrow DA. 1986. Current Therapy in Theriogenology. WB Saunders.
 
NoakesDE, Parkinson DJ & England GCW. 2001. Arthurs Veterinary
Reproduction and Obstetrics. Saunders HarcourtIndia.
 
Roberts SJ. 1976. Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. Scientific
Book Agency.
 
VOG 603: VETERINARY OBSTETRICS: 2+2
 
Objective
To impart knowledge and training on problems of pregnancy and
parturition and their management in domestic animals.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                         04 periods
Parturition: stages of parturition, mechanism of initiation of parturition,
hormonal profiles associated with parturition.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                       06 periods
Principles of handling of dystocia, obstetrical procedures: mutations,
fetotomy, caesarean section. Obstetrical anesthesia and analgesia, epidural
anesthesia.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                    06 periods
Fetal and maternal dystocia: causes, diagnosis and management.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                    02 periods
Uterine torsion: causes, diagnosis and its correction.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                     05 periods
Diseases and accidents during gestation and around parturition.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                     02 periods
Etiology, diagnosis and treatment of ante-partum and post-partum uterine
and vaginal prolapse.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                   02 periods
Induction of parturition and elective termination of pregnancy.
 
UNIT VIII:                                                                                                  02 periods
Involution of uterus following normal and abnormal parturition. 
 
UNIT IX:                                                                                                     03 periods
Care of dam and the newborn.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 32
 
Practical
 
Pelvimetery of different species of farm animals:                                    02 practicals
 
Diagnosis and correction of abnormal fetal presentation,
position and posture in phantom box:                                                       04 practicals
 
Epidural anesthesia:                                                                                  01 practical
 
Ovariohysterectomy:                                                                                 04 practicals
 
Caesarean operation:                                                                                 04 practicals
 
Fetotomy exercises:                                                                                   04 practicals
 
Detorsion of uterus:                                                                                    03 practicals
 
Management of prolapse:                                                                           03 practicals
 
Handling of clinical cases of dystocia:                                                       07 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 32
 
 
Suggested Readings
 
Arthur GH, Pearson H & Noakes DE. 2000. Veterinary Reproduction and
Obstetrics. English Languge Book Society & Bailliere Tindall.
 
Roberts SJ. 1976. Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. Scientific
Book Agency.
 
Sloss V & Dufty JH. 1980. Handbook of Bovine Obstetrics. Williams &
Wilkins.
 VOG 604: ANDROLOGY AND MALE INFERTILITY: 3+1
 
Objective
To impart knowledge and training about male reproduction and treatment
of male infertility in domestic animals.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                          06 periods
Structure and function of reproductive tract of male.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                        06 periods
Sexual behavior and examination of bulls for breeding soundness.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                        06 periods
Spermatogenesis, (formation, migration, maturation and ejaculation of
semen), fine structure of spermatozoa, semen and its composition.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                       08 periods
Diseases transmitted through semen.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                        06 periods
Factors affecting semen quality, semen culture, tests for assessment of
sperm motility, sperm survival and fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                      06 periods
Causes of infertility: hereditary, congenital, infectious, nutritional and
hormonal. Pathological and functional disturbances of epididymis, vas
deferens and accessory sex glands.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                     06 periods
Impotentia cocundi and impotentia generandi. Testicular hypoplasia and
degeneration: causes and affect on semen and fertility.
 
UNIT VIII:                                                                                                   04 periods
Coital injuries and vices of male animals.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 48
 
Practical
 
General and rectal examination for biometrics of male genitalia and             02 practicals
accessory sex glands.
 
Breeding soundness evaluation of male animals.                                            02 practicals
 
Semen evaluation for sperm abnormalities, fertility.                                       03 practicals 
 
Determination of other biochemical constituents of seminal plasma.             02 practicals 
            
Computer assisted semen analysis (CASA)                                                     02 practicals
 
Microbiological load of semen.                                                                        02 practicals  
 
Examination, diagnosis and treatment of infertile male animals.                    03 practicals
 
Total Number of Practical’s: 16
 
Suggested Readings
 
Hafez ESE. 2000. Reproduction in Farm Animals. Lippincott, Williams &
Wilkins.
 
Mann T & Lutwak-Mann C. 1981. Male Reproductive Function and
Semen. Springer-Verlag.
 
Morrow DA. 1986. Current Therapy in Theriogenology. WB Saunders.
 
Roberts SJ. 1976. Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. Scientific
Book Agency
 
SalisburyGW, VanDemark NL & Lodge JR. 1978. Physiology of
Reproduction and Artificial Insemination of Cattle. WH Freeman &
Co.
 
VOG 605: SEMEN PRESERVATION AND ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION:                             2+1
 
 
Objective
To impart knowledge and training about collection, evaluation and
preservation of semen and artificial insemination (AI) in domestic animals.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                      02 periods
History of artificial insemination.
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                      06 periods
Methods of semen collection.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                   08 periods
Semen evaluation: macroscopic, microscopic, biochemical and
microbiological tests, Computer assisted semen analysis (CASA).
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                   06 periods
Semen preservation. Extenders for preservation of semen at different
temperatures. Semen additives for enhancement of motility and fertilizing
capacity of spermatozoa.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                     04 periods
Cryopreservation of semen. Effects of cryopreservation on spermatozoa,
semen quality and fertility.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                   02 periods
Thawing protocols of frozen semen. Factors affecting post-thaw semen
quality.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                 04 periods
Ideal protocol for AI in different species of animals. Factors affecting
success of AI.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 32
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Practical
 
Collection and evaluation of semen.                                                            4 practicals
 
Computer assisted semen analysis (CASA)                                                 2 practicals
 
Preparation of extenders.                                                                             2 practicals
 
Preservation of semen: room temperature and refrigeration temperature    2 practicals
 
Cryopreservation of semen.                                                                          2 practicals
 
Handling and evaluation of processed semen.                                              2 practicals
 
Practice of AI techniques.                                                                             2 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16
 
Suggested Readings
 
Hafez ESE. 2000. Reproduction in Farm Animals. Lippincott, Williams &
Wilkins.
 
Perry J. 1970. Artificial Insemination of Farm Animals. Oxford & IBH.
 
SalisburyGW, VanDemark NL & Lodge JR. 1978. Physiology of
Reproduction and Artificial Insemination of Cattle. WH Freeman.
VOG 606: REPRODUCTIVE BIOTECHNOLOGY: 2+1
 
Objective
To impart knowledge and training on biotechniques in animal reproduction.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                           03 periods
Embryo transfer technology: selection of donors and recipients.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                         06 periods
Synchronization, super-ovulation, surgical and non-surgical collection of
embryos and evaluation of embryos.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                       03 periods
Cryopreservation of embryos, transfer of embryos to donors.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                       06 periods
In vitro fertilization, in vitro maturation, micromanipulation of embryos.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                        03 periods
Sexing of sperm and embryos.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                      03 periods
Transgenic animals. Chimeras.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                     04 periods
Stem cell biotechnology
 
UNIT VIII:                                                                                                   04 periods
Immuno-neutralization of hormones. Immunomodulation of fertility.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 32
Practical
 
Synchronization of estrus in donors and recipients.                               2 practicals
 
Superovulation.                                                                                       2 practicals
 
Surgical and non-surgical collection and transfer of embryos.               2 practicals
 
Collection of oocytes from slaughter house genitalia.                            2 practicals
 
In vitro maturation of oocytes.                                                                2 practicals
 
In vitro fertilization.                                                                                2 practicals
 
Cryopreservation of embryos.                                                                 2 practicals
 
Sexing of embryos.                                                                                  2 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16
 
Suggested Readings
GordonI.2004. Reproductive Technologies in Farm Animals. CABI.
Hafez ESE. 2000. Reproduction in Farm Animals. Lippincott, Williams &
Wilkins.
 
VOG 607: CLINICAL PRACTICE – I:  0+3
 
Objective
Hands-on training on diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders in
animals in TVCSC.
 
Practical
 
Clinical examination of animals affected with reproductive disorders.        14 practicals
 
Use of diagnostic techniques for diagnosis and institution of                        14 practicals
required therapy:
 
Maintenance of case records.                                                                          06 practicals
 
Presentation on selected /assigned cases.                                                       14 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 48
 
Suggested Readings
Morrow DA. 1986. Current Therapy in Theriogenology. WB Saunders.
 
 
VOG 608: CLINICAL PRACTICE – II:  0+3
 
Objective
Hands-on training on diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders in
animals in TVCSC.
 
Practical
 
Clinical examination of animals affected with reproductive disorders. 14practicals
 
Use of diagnostic techniques for diagnosis and institution of                 14practicals
required therapy.
 
Maintenance of case records.                                                                  06 practicals
 
Presentation on selected /assigned cases.                                                14practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 48
 
Suggested Readings
 
Morrow DA. 1986. Current Therapy in Theriogenology. WB Saunders.
 
Lecture and Practical Schedule Ph. D. courses (I. C. A. R)
Minimum Credit Requirements
 
Major subject: The subject (department) in which the students takes admission
 
Minor subject: The subject closely related to students major subject. A suggested list
of specified minor subjects is given in Table 1.
 
Supporting subject: The subject not related to the major subject. It could be any
subject considered relevant for student’s research work.
 
Non-Credit Compulsory Courses: Please see the relevant section for details. Six
Courses (PGS 501-PGS 506) are of general nature and are compulsory for Master’s
programme. Ph. D. students may be exempted from these courses if already studied
during Master’s degree.
 
Subject
Doctoral programme
Major
17
Minor + Supporting
(minimum 6 for minor & 3 for supporting)
11
 Minor (6-8), Supporting (3-5)
Seminar
02
Research
45
Total Credits
75
Compulsory
See relevant section
 
Table 1. Suggested list of specified minor subjects (departments)
 
Major Subject
Minor Subjects*
Animal Reproduction
Gynecology and
Obstetrics
 
Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
Veterinary Physiology
Veterinary Biochemistry
Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics & Jurisprudence
Animal Biotechnology
Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
Animal Nutrition
*The choice of minor courses other than those listed above, may be allowed on the
recommendations of advisory committee, if essentially required as per the research
problem, with the concurrence of Head of the department and Dean post graduate studies.
  
COMPULSORY NON-CREDIT COURSES
(Compulsory for Master’s programme in all disciplines; Optional for Ph.D. scholars)
 
CODE
COURSE TITLE
CREDITS
PGS 501
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES
0+1
PGS 502
TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATIONS
SKILLS
0+1
 
PGS 503
(e-Course)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND ITS
MANAGEMENT
1+0
 
PGS 506
(e-Course)
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
 
1+0
 Ph. D.
Subject
Semester
 I
Semester
II
Semester
 III
Semester
IV
Semester
V
Semester
VI
Total
Major
06
06
11
23
Minor
04
04
08
Supporting
 
03
03
Seminar
02
02
Research
 
 
 
15
15
15
45
Total
10
13
13
15
15
15
81
 Major:  Semester I : VOG 701 (2+1=3) VOG 706 (0+3=3)
             Semester II: VOG 702 (2+1=3) VOG 707 (0+3=3)
             Semester III: VOG 703 (2+1=3) VOG 704(1+1=2) VOG 705(1+1=2)
                                  VOG 790(0+2=2)   VOG 791 (1+0=1) VOG 792 (1+0=1)
             Semester IV: VOG 799 (0+15=15)
             Semester V:   VOG 799 (0+15=15)
             Semester IV: VOG 799 (0+15=15)
 
ANIMAL REPRODUCTION, GYNAECOLOGY, & OBSTETRICS
Course Structure – at a Glance
CODE
COURSE TITLE (M. V. Sc.)
CREDITS
CODE
COURSE TITLE (Ph. D.)
CREDITS
VOG 701
ADVANCES IN GYNAECOLOGY
2+1
VOG 702
ADVANCES IN OBSTETRICS
2+1
VOG 703
ADVANCES IN ANDROLOGY
2+1
VOG 704
ADVANCES IN REPRODUCTIVE BIOTECHNOLOGY
1+1
VOG 705
ADVANCES IN SEMEN PRESERVATION
1+1
VOG 706
CLINICAL PRACTICE I
0+3
VOG 707
CLINICAL PRACTICE II
0+3
VOG 790
SPECIAL PROBLEM
0+2
VOG 791
DOCTORAL SEMINAR I
1+0
VOG 792
DOCTORAL SEMINAR II 
1+0
VOG 799
DOCTORAL RESEARCH
0+45
 
 
Ph. D.
 
VOG 701: ADVANCES IN GYNAECOLOGY: 2+1
 
Objective
To learn about advances in endocrine, ovarian and uterine functions and
effect of nutrition, season and immunological factors on female fertility.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                            05 periods
Neuro-endocrine control of reproduction, follicular development, ovulation
fertilization and implantation. Embryonic and fetal development.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                          03 periods
Maternal recognition of pregnancy, Advances in early diagnosis of
pregnancy.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                        04 periods
Embryonic losses, abortion and their prevention.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                        04 periods
Seasonal breeders, synchronization and induction of estrus and ovulation in
seasonal breeders, Assisted reproductive technology (ART) to increase
reproductive efficiency in farm animals.
.
UNIT V:                                                                                                        04 periods
Effect of stress, nutrition and immunological factors on fertility.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                                      04 periods
Onset of postpartum ovarian activity and factors affecting it.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                     08 periods
Diagnostic & therapeutic approaches in infertility: Principles of hormone
therapy in reproductive disorders, Laproscopy, ultrasonographic diagnosis
of ovarian/uterine dysfunction, RIA/ELISA techniques for hormones assay in
reproductive disorders, vaginal and uterine cytology
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 32 
  
Practical
 
Clinical examination of female animals.                                                   2 practicals
 
Use of ultrasonography in ovarian function                                              2 practicals
(follicular image pattern, follicular dynamics)
 
Use of ultrasonography in early pregnancy                                              2 practicals       
diagnosis and infertility.
 
 
Utility of uterine culture, uterine cytology and uterine biopsy                2 practicals  
(histopathological examination) in infertility investigation.
 
Laparoscopy in diagnosis of ovarian and uterine dysfunction.                2 practicals
 
ELISA/RIA of hormones and interpretation of results.                           3 practicals
 
Use of Assisted reproductive technology (ART) to enhance                  3 practicals
reproductive efficiency in farm animals.
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16
 
Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
 
VOG 702: ADVANCES IN OBSTETRICS: 2+1
 
Objective
To learn current developments in diagnosis and management of dystocia,
accidents of gestation and peri-parturient disorders in domestic animals.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                        4 periods
Conceptus and its development. Factors influencing gestation period and
birth weight.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                                      4 periods
Anomalies of conceptus, teratogens and effect of stress on conceptus
development.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                                    3 periods
Mechanism of initiation of parturition. Use of tocolytic drugs in
management of uterine inertia.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                                    3 periods
Induction of parturition and termination of abnormal pregnancies.
Obstetrical analgesia and anaesthesia.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                                       8 periods
Pre-treatment evaluation of the dam suffering from dystocia. Management
of maternal and fetal dystocia, hydrallantois, hydramnion, fetal
mummification, fetal maceration, uterine inertia and uterine torsion.
UNIT VI:                                                                                                     3 periods
Fetotomy, caesarean section and ovairo-hysterectomy.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                                    3 periods
Neo-natal physiology and post-natal adaptations.
 
UNIT VIII:                                                                                                4 periods
Involution of uterus, post-partum ovarian dysfunction and their
manipulation.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 32 
 
Practical
 
Obstetrical operations in fetal dystocia: Mutations                    04 practicals
 
Fetotomy, caesarean section                                                       03 practicals
 
Ovario-hysterectomy                                                                  03 practicals
 
Induction of parturition                                                              02 practicals
 
Use of tocolytic drugs in dystocia                                             02 practicals
 
Obstetrical analgesia and anaesthesia.                                      02 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16  
 
Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
 
 
VOG 703: ADVANCES IN ANDROLOGY: 2+1
 
Objective
To learn advances in male reproduction and treatment of male infertility in
domestic animals
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                                05 periods
Spermatogenesis, spermatogenic waves, sperm passage in male genitalia,
biochemical milieu of male genetalia. Correlation between motility and
fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa.
 
 
UNIT II:                                                                                             05 periods
Separation of motile and immotile spermatozoa. Sexing and separation of
male and female determining spermatozoa.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                            06 periods
Sperm plasma membrane and its permeability and binding properties:
acrosome and lysosomal enzymes, sperm nucleus and nuclear proteins.
Mitochondria and their role in sperm metabolism. Flagellum and the
mechanochemical basis of motility and cyclic nucleotides.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                             06 periods
Biochemistry of seminal plasma and accessory sex gland secretions.
Electrolytes, proteins, enzymes and amino acids in seminal plasma.
Fructose and other sugars, lipids, cholesterol, steroid hormones and
prostaglandins in seminal plasma.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                              04 periods
Fructolysis index. Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism of spermatozoa.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                            06 periods
Biochemical markers of fertility in males, sperm chromatin structure assay,
Anti-sperm antibodies.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 32 
 
Practical
 
Breeding soundness evaluation of bulls                                                       02 practicals
 
Biochemical tests of semen for evaluation of fertility                                 02 practicals
 
Semen culture for diagnosis of venereal diseases                                        02 practicals
 
Diagnosis and treatment of genital pathological condition.                         02 practicals
 
Computer assisted semen analysis (CASA)                                                 02 practicals
 
Semen evaluation for assessment of fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa:  04 practicals
cervical mucus penetration test, sperm capacitation test,
hypo osmotic swelling test and zona free hamster egg penetration test.
 
Anti-sperm antibody assay.                                                                         02 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16 
 
Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
 
VOG 704: ADVANCES IN REPRODUCTIVE BIOTECHNOLOGY: 1+1
 
Objective
To learn advances in recent developments in biotechnology in reproduction
for the production of desired elite animals.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                               1 period
Embryo transfer technology and its application in farm animals.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                             3 periods
Selection and management of donor and recipient animals. Superovulation,
surgical and non-surgical collection, evaluation of embryos and transfer of
embryos.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                            2 periods
In vitro fertilization and maturation of oocytes.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                            2 periods
Micromanipulation, sexing and cryopreservation of embryos.
 
UNIT V:                                                                                             2 periods
Sexing of sperm and embryos.
 
UNIT VI:                                                                                            2 periods
Transgenic animals. Chimeras.
 
UNIT VII:                                                                                          2 periods
Stem cell biotechnology
 
UNIT VIII:                                                                                         2 periods
Immuno-neutralization of hormones. Immunomodulation of fertility.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 16 
 
 
Practical
 
Evaluation of superovulatory hormonal regimens in donors.           2 practicals 
 
Synchronization of estrus in recipients.                                             2 practicals 
 
Surgical and non-surgical collection of embryos.                              2 practicals 
 
Surgical and non-surgical transfer of embryos.                                 2 practicals      
 
Collection of oocytes from slaughter house genitalia.                       2 practicals 
 
In vitro maturation of oocytes.                                                           2 practicals                 
 
In vitro fertilization.                                                                           2 practicals 
 
Cryopreservation of embryos.                                                           1 practical 
 
Sexing of embryos.                                                                            1 practical  
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16  
 
Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
 
VOG 705:ADVANCES IN SEMEN PRESERVATION: 1+1
 
Objective
To learn advances in processing and cryopreservation of semen and
insemination techniques to obtain high fertility.
 
Theory
 
UNIT I:                                                                                               04 periods
Transmission of venereal diseases through semen and their prevention.
 
UNIT II:                                                                                             06 periods
Factors affecting motility and fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa. Semen
collection, extension and cryopreservation of semen, damages to
spermatozoa caused by cryopreservation.
 
UNIT III:                                                                                            02 periods
Use of semen additives for promotion of sperm motility and fertilizing
capacity.
 
UNIT IV:                                                                                            04 periods
Thawing protocols for frozen semen. Post-thaw evaluation of motility and
fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa.
 
Total Number of Theory Periods: 16  
 
Practical
 
Collection of preputial washings and semen for bacterial load                 04 practicals
and venereal pathogens.
 
Preparation of semen extenders with different additives.                          03 practicals
 
Use of different freezing protocols for preservation of semen.                 03 practicals
 
Evaluation of fertility with frozen semen.                                                 04 practicals
 
Enzymatic changes in semen following cryopreservation.                        02 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 16 
 
Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
  
VOG 706: CLINICAL PRACTICE – I:   0+3
 
Objective
Hands-on training on diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders in
animals.
 
Practical
 
Clinical examination of animals affected with reproductive disorders.      16 practicals
 
Use of diagnostic techniques for diagnosis and institution                          16 practicals
 
Maintenance of case records, presentation on selected/ assigned cases.      16 practicals
 
 Total Number of Practicals: 48   
 
Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
  
VOG 707: CLINICAL PRACTICE – II :0+3
 
Objective
Hands-on training on diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders in
Animals
 
Practical
 
Clinical examination of animals affected with reproductive disorders.       16 practicals          
 
Use of diagnostic techniques for diagnosis and institution                          16 practicals      
of required therapy.
 
Maintenance of case records, presentation on selected/ assigned cases.      16 practicals
 
Total Number of Practicals: 48
 Suggested Readings
Selected articles from journals.
 VOG 790: SPECIAL PROBLEM: 0+2
 
Objective
To expose students to research techniques related to sub discipline of the

subject and submission of written project with references.

 Practical
 
Student will carry out research on allotted project and submit the project
along with research papers for publication in scientific journals
 
ANIMAL REPRODUCTION, GYNAECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS
List of Journals
∗ American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
∗ Animal Reproduction
∗ Animal Reproduction Science
∗ Animal Science Journal
∗ Bibliography of Reproduction
∗ Biology of Reproduction
∗ Equine practice
∗ Equine Veterinary Journal
∗ Fertility and Sterility
∗ Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction
∗ Indian Journal of Animal Sciences
∗ Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
∗ Indian Veterinary Journal
∗ Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association
∗ Journal of Animal Science
∗ Journal of Dairy Science
∗ Journal of Endocrinology
∗ Journal of Reproduction and Development
∗ Journal of Reproduction and fertility
∗ Reproduction in Domestic Animals
∗ Research in Veterinary Science
∗ Theriogenology
∗ Veterinary Record
 
 e-Resources
∗ www.anirgyep.elsevier.com (Animal Reproduction Science)
∗ www.blackwellpublilshing.com (International Journal of Andrology)
∗ www.bioreprod.org (Biology of reproduction)
∗ www.domesticanimalendo.com (Domestic Animal Andocrinology)
∗ www.reproduction-onlline.org (Journal of Andrology)
∗ www.reproduction-online.org (Reproduction)
∗ www.interscience.wiley.com (Reproduction in domestic animals)
∗ www.theriojournal.com (Theriogenology)
∗ www.buffaloresearch.com (Buffalo Journal)
∗ www.eje-online.org (European journal of Endocrinology)
∗ www.sciencedirect.com (The Veterinary Journal)
∗ www.blackwellpublishing.com (Asian journal of Andrology)
∗ editorijar@yahoo.co.in (Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction)
  
Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research
∗ Anoestrus: Endocrinological investigations
∗ Reproductive biotechnology
∗ Investigations into andrological problems
∗ Management of obstetrical problems
∗ Contraception and fertility management in small animals 

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