PG Syllabus

M.V.SC. COURSE STRUCTURE
 
 
    CODE COURSE TITLE     CREDITS
VCM 601 RUMINANT CLINICAL MEDICINE-I

2+0

VCM 602 RUMINANT CLINICAL MEDICINE-II

2+0

VCM 603 EQUINE CLINICAL MEDICINE

2+0

VCM 604 CANINE AND FELINE CLINICAL MEDICINE

2+0

VCM 605  SWINE CLINICAL MEDICINE

1+0

VCM 606 AVIAN  MEDICINE

1+0

VCM 607 ZOO, WILD & LABORATORY, ANIMAIL MEDICINE

2+0

VCM 608

 

CLINICAL DISEASES OF ANIMAL SPECIES* OF REGIONAL IMPORTANCE

1+0

VCM 609 PRODUCTION DISEASES

2+0

VCM 610 DISEASES OF ANIMALS CAUSED BY TOXICANTS

1+0

VCM 611 VETERINARY FORENSIC MEDICINE

1+1

VCM 612 CLINICAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES

0+2

VCM 613 VETERINARY EMERGENCY MEDICINE

0+2

VCM 614 CLINICAL PRACTICAL-I

0+3

VCM 615 CLINICAL PRACTICAL-II

0+3

VCM 691 MASTER’S SEMINAR

1+0

VCM 699 MASTER’S RESEARCH

20

 
Credit distribution:
 

Sr. No.

ISemester

IISemester

III Semester

IV Semester

 

Course no.

Credit

Course no.

Course no.

Credit

Credit

Course no.

Credit

1

VCM-601

2+0=2

VCM-615

0+3=3

VCM-603

2+0=2

VCM-699

0+20=20

2

VCM-612

0+2=2

VCM-602

2+0=2

VCM-606

1+0=1

3

VCM-614

0+3=3

VCM-613

0+2=2

VCM-607

2+0=2

4

VCM-604

2+0=2

VCM-605

1+0=1

VCM-610

1+0=1

5

VCM-608

1+0=1

VCM-609

2+0=2

VCM-611

1+1=2

6

VCM-691

1+0=1

      Total Credit

5+5=10

 

5+5=10

 

8+1=9

 

0+20=20

Lecture schedule
 
 VCM– 601                              RUMINANT CLINICAL MEDICINE – I                     2 + 0= 2
Objective: Study of various body systems of bovine, sheep & goats.
       Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical findings, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of following systemic diseases in ruminants
                                                                                                                                    
Lecture No.

Topics to be covered

1

History and scope of medicine, concept of animal diseases, concept of diagnosis, differential diagnosis and prognosis

 

Unit I General Systemic States

2

Hyperthermia and hypothermia

3

Fever

4

Septicemia and toxaemia

5

Dehydration, acidosis and alkalosis

6

Shock, oedema

7

Oedema

8

Allergy and anaphylaxis,

 

Unit II Diseases of alimentary, liver & urinary system – I

9

Stomatitis,Parotitis, pharyngitis, pharyngeal nerve paralysis

10

Oesophagitis and choke

11

Enteritis

12

Colic

13

Simple indigestion, acid and alkaline indigestion

14

Bloat / Tympany

15

Traumatic reticuloperitonitis

16

Diaphrgamatic hernia and vagus indigestion

17

Abomasal displacement, abomasal bloat in calves and lambs

18

Intestinal obstruction including paralytic ileus, Caecal dilatation

19

Hepatitis, Cirrhosis

20

Jaundice

21

Nephritis, Nephrosis

22

Cystitis and Urethritis

23

Urolithiasis

24

Renal failure (Acute and Chronic), Uraemia

 

Unit III Diseases of Respiratory & Nervous system

25

Rhinitis, Laryngitis and Bronchitis

26

Pneumonia, Pulmonary edema

27

Pneumothorax, Pulmonary emphysema

28

Pleurisy, Hydrothorax

29

Encephalitis

30

Encephalomalacia, Cerebral oedema

31

Meningitis, Space occupying lesions in brain (Abscess, Cyst)

32

Brain and spinal cord injury, Paralysis
 Suggested readings:-
            Chakrabarti A. 1998. Textbook of Clinical Veterinary Medicine. Kalyani.
            Radostits O.M, Gay C.C, Blood D.C. & Hinchcliff K.W. 2000. Veterinary Medicine. W.B. Saunders.
 
VCM – 602                              RUMINANT CLINICAL MEDICINE – II                    2 + 0=2
Objctive : Study of various body systems of bovine, sheep & goats
Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical findings, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of following diseases in ruminants
 
Lecture No.
Topics to be covered
 
Unit I Diseases of cardiovascular system, blood and blood forming organs
1-2
Acute heart failure, Peripheral circulating failure, Congestive heart failure
3
Myocardial disease and cardiomyopathy
4
Endocarditis, valvular disease
5
Pericarditis
6
Arterial/venous thrombosis and embolism; DIC
7
Anaemia
8-9
Leukemia, lymphosarcoma, leukocytosis, Leucopenia.
10
Lymphangitis, lymphadenitis (lymphadenopathy)
 
Unit II Diseases of musculosketal system and skin
11
Myositis, myopathy
12
Osteomyelitis
13
Osteodystrophy
14
Arthritis, synovitis
15
Arthropathy
16
Alopecia,Pityriasis
17
Hyperkeratosis, Parakeratosis Pachyderma,
18
Impetigo, Pyoderma, Seborrhoea
19
Vitiligo, Leukoderma
20
Urticaria, Pruritus
21
Photosensitization
22
Dermatitis
23
Subcutaneous emphysema
 
Unit III Diseases of eyes, ears, nose
24
Conjunctivitis
25
Keratitis
26
Cataract
27
Glaucoma
28
Retinitis and retinopathy
29
Otohematoma
30
Otitis (externa, interna and media)
31
Epistaxis
32
Nasal granuloma, polyps, tumor
 
Suggested readings:-
            Chakrabarti A. 1998. Textbook of Clinical Veterinary Medicine. Kalyani.
            Radostits O.M, Gay C.C, Blood D.C. & Hinchcliff K.W. 2000. Veterinary Medicine. W.B. Saunders
 
 
VCM 603                                           EQUINE CLINICAL MEDICINE                          2+0=2
Objctive : Study of various body systems of horses, donkeys & mules.
                                                           
 
Lecture No. 
                                                          Topic
1-8
UNIT-I General Systemic states and diseases of alimentary system & liver
 
Fever, Equine endotoxaemia, Dehydartion, Shock
 
Diseases of digestive system- Dental disorder, Choke, Oesophageal perforation, oesophagial moytility disorder, Gastritis, Gastric ulceration, Diarrhoea, Peritonitis, Colic, jaundice, Hepatic Encephalopathy.
9-16
UNIT-II Diseases of respiratory, cardiovascular system, blood and blood forming organs
 
Pneumonia, Pleuro Pneumonia,Pneumothorax, hemothorax, Pulmonary oedema, COPD, EIPH, Guttural Pouch diseases
 
Vulvular insufficiency, vegetative endocarditis
 
Aquired coagulation disorder, Euine neonatal isoerythrolysis, Equine perpura hemorrhagia
17-24
UNIT-III diseases of urinary and nervous system
 
ARF,CRF, UTI, Cystitis, Urinary incontinence
 
Cerebral oedema, Brain abscess, Leukoencephalomalacia, Thromboembolic meningoencephalitis, peripheral Vesibular disease, Nigropallidal encephalomalacia, Spondylolisthesis
25-32
UNIT-IV  Diseases of musculoskeletal system and skin
 
Angular Limb deformities, Septic Arthritis , Navicular Diseases, laminitis, Subsolar abscess, Quittor, Fistulous withers, Tendimitis, Suspensory desmitis, Extertional rhabdomyelitis
 
Keratitis, Equine recurrent uvelitis,
 
Pemphigus, Follaceus, Urticaria, Anaphylaxis, Erythema multiforme, Drug eruption, Conact Dermatitis, Dermatophilosis, Folliculitis, Culicoides hypersensitivity , Cutaneous onchocerciasuis, equine summer score.
 Suggested readings:-
            Wintzer H. 1986 Equine diseases. Verlaug Paul Parey.
            Radostits O.M, Gay C.C, Blood D.C. & Hinchcliff K.W. 2000. Veterinary Medicine. W.B. Saunders
 
 
VCM-604                          CANINE AND FELINE CLINICAL MEDICINE                       2+0=2
                                                                          
 
Objective:-Study of diseases of various body systems of dogs and cats
 
L. No
Topic
UNIT I Specific needs of canine and felines, Pet psychology; pet behavior and adaptation needs; General systemic states.
1-3
Canine & feline behavioral control, normal & abnormal behavior (urine spraying in cats, night hauling, psycosis, neurosis, fighting, hyper kinesis, anorexia nervosa, timidity, psychosomatic skin diseases, therapy of behavioral problems (excessive energy, routine, social attention, hormone therapy, destructive chewing, excessive barking, pray chasing, house soiling), Adaptation.
4-5
Toxemia, septicaemia, shock, Fever, Allergy & Anaphylaxis –Diagnostic and therapeutic approach
6-7
Stress, dehydration, disturbances of body fluids, electrolyte imbalance-Different approaches for correction
8-9
Cachexia, Disturbances of appetite food intake and nutritional status-Tests / planning for evaluation
UNIT II Diseases of digestive system, liver and pancreas, cardiovascular system, blood and blood-forming organs.
10-13
Stomatitis, oesophageal dialatation, gastritis, gastric ulcer, gastric retention, enteritis, hepatitis and pancreatitis (acute pancreatitis, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency),  hepatoencephalopathy, considerations of antimicrobial, prebiotics / naturaceuticals /  interventions of drugs in the therapeutic managements of  diseases of GI tract, liver and pancreatic insufficiencies.
14-17
Heart failures, drugs used in treatment of heart failures. Left and right ventricular hypertrophy. Congenital heart diseases, valvular heart diseases, boxer cardiomyopathy, Diagnosis and therapeutic management of canine heart worm disease(s), feline myocardial diseases, therapy of cardiac arrhythmias, tachycardias, bradycardias, pace maker therapy & CPR.  Diagnosis and therapeutic management of thrombocytopenia, thrombosis, AIHA, anaemia, DIC and blood transfusion,
UNIT III Diseases of respiratory system, urogenital and nervous systems.
18-20
Laryngotracheitis, kennelcough, pleuropneumonia, Pneumonia, pulmonary edema, pleural diseases.
21-23
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of acute & chronic renal failure, cystitis, nephritis, nephrosis, pyometra, mtrorrhagia.
24-25
Meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis, cerebral edema, narcolepsy, epilepsy, ataxia, paralysis, paresis, myesthenia gravis.
UNIT IV Diseases of musculoskeletal system and skin.
26-27
Myositis, osteoarthritis, osteomyelitis, synovitis. Diagnosis and therapeutic management of common skin diseases (dermatitis, seborrhea, eczema, atophy etc.)
UNIT V Diseases of endocrine system, diseases of new borne animals.
28-30
Hypoglycaemia, growth hormone related dermotosis in dogs, hyper thyroidism, hypo & hyper adrenocortisum, ovarian imbalance, hypo/hypertestesteronism and their effects on skin, therapeutic management.
31-32
Neonatal hypoglycaemia, omphalitis, omphalophlebitis, neonatal diseases.
 Suggested Books
  1. Dunn JK. 1999. Text Book of Small Animal Medicine. WB Saunders.
  2. Ettinger SJ & Feldman EC. 2000. Text Book of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Vols. I, II. Saunders.
  3.  Gorman NT. 1998. Canine Medicine and Therapeutics. Blackwell.
           
VCM-605                                      SWINE CLINICAL MEDICINE                                1+0=1
 
Objectives: – Study of diseases of various body systems in swine
 
Lecture
No.
                                           Topics to be covered
 
Unit I (General Systemic States and Diseases of digestive system)
 
1-2
Hyperthermia, hypothermia, fever, septicemia, toxemia, dehydration and shock
3-4
Gastric ulcer, Gastritis, Gastroenteritis
5-6
Enteritis
 
Unit II (Diseases of cardiovascular and respiratory system)
 
7-8
Congestive heart failure, pericarditis, myocarditis and endocarditis
9
Anemia
10
Odema
11-12
Atrophic rhinitis,bronchitis,pleuropneumonia, pulmonary emphysema
 
Unit III(Diseases of Urogenital,Nervous system and Skin)
 
13
Nephritis,Pyelonephritis,Cystitis,
14
Urolithiasis,Metritis
15
Encephalitis
16
Dermititis,Alopcia,erythemia,Hyperkeratosis and Mange
 
Unit IV (Diseases of Endocrine system and of Newborn animals)
 
17
Endocrine disorders-Goiter, hypoglycemia,
18
Piglet anemia and neonatal mortality
 Suggested reading:
 
Radostits Om, Gay C.C., Blood D.C. & Hinchcliff K.W.2000. Veterinary Medicine.
               W.B.  Saunders.
Straw B.F.(Eds.). 1999. Diseases of Swine. 8th Ed.Iowa state Univ. Press.
 
 
VCM – 606                                      AVIAN MEDICINE                                     1 + 0=1                    
 
Objective:
            Study of noninfectious diseases of Avian species
Theory
            UNIT I
 
Lecture No
Topics to be covered
1 to 4
Diseases caused due to deficiency of Vitamins (Vit. A, D, C, K, Vit. B-complex), Thiamine, Riboflavin, Pantothenic Acid, Niacin (Nicotinic Acid), Pyridoxine (B6), Biotin, Vit. B12 (Cynocobalamin), Choline.
 
5 to 8
 Diseases caused due to deficiency of essential Minerals (Ca, P, Mg, Zn, & sodium chloride.)
             UNIT II
 

Lecture No

Topics to be covered

9 to 16

Cage layer fatigue

Blue comb disease

Beak necrosis

Round heart disease

Keratoconjunctivitis

Ascites

Urolithiasis

Fatty liver disease

Kidney hemorrhagic syndrome

Heat stroke

Cannibalism

Vent picking

 Suggested books for reading
           
1)      Gordon R. F. and Jordan ETW 1982. Poultry diseases. ELBS
2)      Leeson, S. Diaz G. Summers JD 2001. Poultry metabolic disorders and Mycotoxins. IBDC Publication
 
 
VCM-607                ZOO WILD & LABORATORY ANIMALS MEDICINE                2 + 0 =2
 
Objctive : Study of diseases & health management of zoo, wild & laboratory animals.                                                      
Lecture No. Topics
  UNIT-I Etiology, Symptoms, diagnosis and management of various diseases of zoo, wild and laboratory animals. Diseases of urinary System
1-19 Tubeculosis, Leptospirosis, Salmonellosis, tetanus, Haemorhagic Septicemia, Anthrax, Pox, Foot & mouth Diseases,Adeno virus, Colibacilosis, Herpes Viral Infection,Rabies Theileria, Trypanosomiasis, Anaplasmosis Pneumonia, Capture myopathy, Metritis, Peritonitis, , Candidiasis, Cirrhosis, Jaundice, Gastritis, gastric Dilatation, Enteritis, Colon impaction, Foot rot, Broken tusk, Pododermatitis, Arthritis, corneal Opacity, Internal & external parasite. 
20-23 ARF,CRF, Cystitis, Hydronephrosis,Uroliasis

 

  UNIT-II Disease, Restraint, Feeding and health management of exotic animals kept as pet
24-27 Lab, Animal Rabbit-Pasturella, Bordetella, Viral Haemorrhagic Diseases,, Infectious myxomatosis, Papillomatosis, Pox, Pseudotuberculosis, Mastitis, Pneumonia, Listeriosis, Salmonellosis, Coccidiosis, Ringworm, Endoparasite, Ectoparasite, Aflatoxicosis 

G.Pig- Coccidiosis, Enteritis, Pneumonia, Myxomatosis, Snuffle, Aflatoxicosis, 

28 Chemical restraints & transportation
29 Feeding habit in zoo & wild
30 General Principle and health management
31 Management of lab. Animals
32 Sanitation & disinfectants
 SuggestedReadings:-
 
Baker HJ. 1978. Pathology Of Laboratory Animals. Springer,New York.
Fowler ME. 1986. Zoo & Wild Animal Medicine. 2nd Ed. WB  Saunders.
Fox  JG, Anderson LC, Loew FM &  Quimby FW. (Eds.).2004. Laboratory Animal Medicine.                        2nd Ed.
Hafez ESE (Ed.). Reproduction & Breeding Techniques for Laboratory animals. Lea & Fabiger.
Hrapkiewicz K. 2007. Clinical Laboratory Animal Medicine- An Introduction. 3rd Ed. Blackwell Publ.
Joshi BP. 1991. Wild Animal Medicine- Kalyani.
Sirois M. 2005. Laboratry Animal Medicine: Principles & Procedures. 2nd Ed. Elsevier.
 
   VCM-608     CLINICAL DISEASES OF ANIMAL SPECIES OF REGIONAL IMPORTANCE      1+0=1
                               
                                   NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF BOVINE                  
 
Objective: Study of Non-infectious Diseases of Important Regional Animal Species
 
Lecture
No.
                                           Topics to be covered
Unit I
 
1
Setariosis, Haemato-microfilariosis.
2
Allotriophagia (Pica)
3-4
Simple Indigestion, Acidic Indigestion, Alkaline Indigestion
5
Fat Liver Syndrome, Low Milk Fat syndrome
6
Foreign Body Syndrome (Penetrating and non-penetrating) ,Diaphragmatic Hernia
7
Enteritis
8
Aspiration Pneumonia
9
Pulmonary Emphysema
10
Urolithiasis
11
Encephalitis
12
Snake Envenomation
13
HCN Poisoning
14
Pesticide Poisoning
15
Copper and Phosphorous deficiency
Unit-II
 
16-18
Rumen fluid analysis, Haemogram, Radiographic interpretations,CSF Analysis Biochemical estimations and Urine analysis,Trypsin Inhibition Test.
 SuggestedReadings:
RadostitsOM, Gay C.C., Blood D.C. & Hinchcliff K.W.2000. Veterinary Medicine.
               W.B.  Saunders
 
VCM-609                                            PRODUCTION DISEASES                                      2+0=2
                                                                        
Objectives: Study of Metabolic, Production and Deficiency diseases of domestic animals
 
Lecture
No.
                                           Topics to be covered
Unit I 
1-2
General aspects, Introduction, concept of metabolic disease and CMPT
3-4
Parturient Paresis (Milk fever)
5-6
Downer’s Cow syndrome
7-8
Ketosis
9
Pregnancy Toxemia
10-11
Nutritional haemoglobinuria
12-13
Hypomagnesemic tetany and Whole Milk Tetany.
Unit II 
14
Lactation tetany in mares
15
Eclampsia in bitches
16
Osteodystrophia fibrosa in Equines and Caprines
17
Azoturia in equines
18
Equine Hyperlipidemia
19
Rheumatism-like syndrome in buffaloes(Osteomalacia)
20
Hypothyroidism in Dogs
21-22
Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes insipidus in dogs
Unit III 
 
Diseases caused by deficiency of
23-24
Calcium, Phosphorus and  Vit D3
25-27
Vit A, Vit B-complex, Vit C and Vit K
Unit IV
 
 
Diseases caused by deficiency of
28-29
Iron, Copper, Cobalt
30-31
Iodine, Zinc, Manganese
32
Vit. E and Selenium
 SuggestedReadings:
Dunn JK. 1999. Text Book of Small Animal Medicine. WB Saunders.
Radostits Om, Gay C.C., Blood D.C. & Hinchcliff K.W.2000. Veterinary Medicine.
               W.B.  Saunders
 
VCM- 610                       DISEASES OF ANIMALS CAUSED BY TOXICANTS          1 + 0=1                  
 Objctive : Study of diseases caused by various toxicants in domestic animals.           
 

Lecture No.

                                  Topics to be covered 
  UNIT-1 (Disease Caused by Physical Agents and Poisoning of Organic and Inorganic Compounds)

1

Water intoxication, Radiation injury

2

Lightning stroke, electrocution and burn

3 & 4

Poisoning caused by inorganic compounds (Lead, arsenic, mercury, fluorine)

5 & 6

Poisoning caused by organic compounds (nitrate and nitrites, oxalate, strychnine)
    UNIT-2 (Diseases caused by Farm Chemicals and Phytotoxins)

7

Poisoning caused by urea

8

Poisoning caused by organophosphophorus compound

9

Poisoning caused by chlorinated hydrocarbons

10

Poisoning caused by herbicides (Dinitrophenol compound, hormone weed killer, rodenticide).
UNIT-3 (Diseases caused by Mycotoxins and Zootoxins)

11

Poisoning by algae, Poisoning by fungi (mycotoxicosis), Poisoning caused by ergotism

12

Poisoning caused by aspergillus spp., Poisoning caused by miscellaneous fungi.
 UNIT-4 (Diseases caused by Poisoning Plants, Snake and Insect Bites)

13

Ferns poisoning, Poisoning caused by weeds (Lantana Camara)

14

Fodder poisoning, HCN- poisoning 

15

Poisoning caused by miscellaneous fodder crops (sorghum, Johnson grass, Sudan grass) and Poisoning caused by miscellaneous plants byproduct (tobacco, plants soyabean meal, linseed cake, cotton seed cake, rapeseed cake)

16

Snake bites, Bee stings, Tick paralysis and blister beetle poisoning
 Suggested Readings:
 
Kahn, C.M. (Ed.). 2005. The Merck Veterinary Manual. Merck & Co.
 
Radostits, O.M., C.C. Gay, D.C.Blood and K.W. Hinchcliff 2000. Veterinary Medicine. WB Saunders.
 
VCM-611                                VETERINARY FORENSIC MEDICINE                           1 + 1=2           
Objctive: To familiarize students with various aspects of Veterinary forensic medicine.                                                     
 
Lecture
No.
                                  Topics to be covered
 
UNIT-1 (Veterolegal Aspects of Antemortem and Postmortem Examination )
1 & 2
Rules and procedures for antemorteum examination
3 & 4
Important points in veterolegal aspects of antemorteum examination and material to be send for laboratory examination.
5
Gross autopsy observations, rules and proceduer for postmortem examination in different species.
6
Postmortem examination of veterolegal cases, submission of material of suspected cases.
UNIT-2 (Examination of Wounds, Blood, Offenses, Frauds in Animal Cruelty and Their Products Welfare, DNA Analysis of Clinical Samples)
7 & 8
Veterolegal aspects of wounds, blood, offenses and frauds, DNA analysis of clinical samples.
9 & 10
Common offenses against animals (killing, poisoning and maiming), Common frauds in sell of livestock and livestock products.
UNIT-3 (Study of Common Laws related to Veterolegal Aspects)
11
Acts/rules related to animal welfare.
12
Acts/rules related to wild life
13
Acts/rules related to prevention of animals diseases.
14
Acts/ rules related to drugs and related to public health.
15
Acts/rules related to veterinary practices.
16
The Indian penal code applicable to the Veterinary profession.
 Practicals                                                             
1
Antemortem examination
2
Post mortem examination
3
Examination of wounds
4
Examination of blood stain
5
Examination of animals for bestiality
6 to 8
Common offenses in animals, Common frauds in animas and their products
9
Causes of sudden death in animals, snake bite, drowning, lighting stroke and electrocution
10
Collection of specimens for suspected poisoning.
11
Procedure for dispatching of materials for chemical examination.
12
Record of specimen collected for laboratory examination, postmortem report.
13
Examination of hairs for identification
14
The Biological waste (Management and handling Rules-1998)
15
Livestock importation act 1998
16
Visit to forensic laboratory
SuggestedReadings
Sharma, S.N., A.K. Gahlot and R.K. Tanwer (2003) Veterinary Jurisprudence. 5th Ed. Camel Publ. House.          
VCM-612                                CLINICAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES                         0+2=2
 
Objective:- Study the diagnostic protocols and procedures for various diseases of farm and companion animals.
Practical:
P. No.
Topic
UNIT I Clinical tests and their interpretation related to diseases of alimentary tract, liver, cardio vascular system, blood and blood-forming organs of various species of animals.
1-3
Clinical examination (auscultation, percussion and palpation) of alimentary tract of farm animals and companion animals. Passing of probing / stomach tube, nasogastric intubation and collection of contents and their evaluation.  Evaluation and interpretation of abomasal fluid, Liver biopsy, radiography, endoscopy, USG, scintigraphy.  Examination for occult blood.
4-8
Clinical examination (auscultation, percussion and palpation) of cardio vascular system blood and blood-forming organs of various species of animals. Recoding of ECG, blood pressure, radiographic examination, cardiac catheterization, bone marrow biopsy, lymph node biopsy and interpretation. Collection of blood for coagulation disorders, hematobiochemical indices.
9-10
Transfusion Medicine-blood transfusion &  blood groups in animals
UNIT II Clinical tests and their interpretation related to respiratory, urinary, nervous, endocrine, musculoskeletal and integumentary systems of various species of animals.
11-13
Clinical examination (auscultation, percussion and palpation) of respiratory system.  Rhinolaryngoscopic and endoscopic examination. Radiological examination of URT and LRT. Thoracocentesis.
14-17
Clinical examination (percussion and palpation) of urinary system. Catheterization, monitoring of urine out-put, fixing of catheter, cystocentesis, urinalysis. Prostrate examination. Retrograde hydropropulsion of urethal calculi. KFT, x-ray, pneumocystography, excretory urography / pyelography, biopsy.
18-21
Neurological examination.  Evaluation of cranial nerves, reflexes, UMN, LMN, CSF tapping and evaluation, EEG, opthalmoscopic examination, radiological examination (survey, myelography, ventriculography).
22-26
Clinical examination for endocrinological examination. Thyroid profile (T3, T4, TSH, fT4), PTH, ACTH stimulation suppression test, glucose tolerance, low dose dexamethasone test, high dose dexamethasone, xylazine test, ketoacids.  Lipid profile and interpretation : Cholesterol, Tryglycerides, Basal cortisol, growth hormone etc.
27-30
Clinical examination of musculoskeletal disorders.  Radiological examination, EMG, synovial fluid examination. Arthroscopy. Metabolic Profiling of animals-Design, sampling, interpretation, bone density.
31-32
Clinical examination of skin / integumentary system. Collection and identification of external parasites. Skin scraping and woods lamp examination. Punch biopsy.
 SuggestedReadings
Kaneko JJ. 2008. Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 6th Ed. Elsevier.
Kelly WR. 1984. Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis. 3rd Ed. Eastbourne Balliere-Tindall.
  
VCM 613                              VETERINARY EMERGENCY MEDICINE                             0+2
 
 Objective:- Diagnosis and therapeutic management of various medical emergencies in farm and companion animals.
Practical
P. No.
Topics to be covered
UNIT I Diagnosis and therapeutic management of various emergencies of cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, urinary and nervous systems,
1-2
Recognition of emergencies of farm and companion animals, clinical examination and data collection, diagnostic clinical protocol.
3-5
Triage, ABC support in emergency management of farm and companion animals.
6-8
Application of emergency care procedures for resuscitation of critically ill patient
9-12
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of cardiovascular emergencies of farm and companion animals (tachycardia, bradycardia, syncope, PCF, hypotension, hypertension pericarditis, valvular disorders etc.). DIC, shock, haemorrhage, continuous infusion therapy.
13-16
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of respiratory emergencies of farm and companion animals (Pulmonary edema, pleurisy, COPD / bronchospasm, dropped respirations pulmonary embolism etc.)
17-20
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of gastrointestinal-hepatic-pancreatic emergencies of farm and companion animals (GDV, choke, ulcerative gastritis, intussception, pancreatitis, hepatic encephalopathy etc.). Gastric lavage in ulcerative gastritis, tympany and colic.
21-24
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of urinary emergencies farm and companion animals (urethral calculi, anuria, ARF, CRF, obstructive uropathy, etc.). Peritoneal dialysis, interpretation of KFT
25-28
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of neurological emergencies of farm and companion animals (seizures, brain and spinal injuries, meningitis, encephalitis, UMN and LMN disorders, cranial nerve injuries etc.). CSF tapping and evaluation, evaluation of reflexes, myelography.  Direct opthalmoscopy, tonometry etc. Opthalmic emergencies.
UNIT II Diagnosis and therapeutic management of various emergencies of toxicities, sting bites and burns of farm and companion animals.
29-30
Diagnosis and therapeutic management of various emergencies of toxicities (chemical, poisons, gastric lavage in poisoning, phytotoxicity, sting bites (bee, snake, scorpion etc.), electrocution, thermal injury and burns of farm and companion animals.
UNIT III Monitoring critical ill patient, application of emergency care procedures for resuscitation of critically ill patient
31-32
Monitoring critical ill patient (evaluation of CV, Urinary, RS etc. stability, assessment of parameters, modulation).  Preparation of problem chart-efforts made to stabilize-result (day-wise / hourly evaluation). Adverse drug reactions.
SuggestedReading
  1. Kirk RW.1995. Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment. 6th Ed. WB Saunders.
  2. Sattler FP & Knowles W. 2001. Veterinary Critical Care. Lea & Febiger.
 
VCM-614                                            CLINICAL PRACTICE- I                                       0+3=3
 
Objectives:- Application of the theoretical concepts of Veterinary Medicine in Practice
 
 
Lecture
No.
                                           Topics to be covered
1.
Clinical examination and preparation of data base of clinical cases. 
2-5
Diagnostic and therapeutic protocol of various clinical cases in cattle 
6-9
Diagnostic and therapeutic protocol of various clinical cases in Sheep and Goats 
10-13
Diagnostic and therapeutic protocol of various clinical cases in Dogs. 
14
Collection of various material and specimens from hospital and its dispatch to the laboratory 
15
Fluid therapy in various disease conditions 
16
Approach and management of life threatening casualties, Preparation of Emergency Drug Kit. 
17-30
Recording of clinical cases of Diseases of various systems including Metabolic, Deficiency Diseases of different species of Domestic Animals (Min. 20 cases) 
31-37
Presentation of clinical/ emergency cases by each student (minimum 5 cases) 
38-43
Attending clinical cases of Inpatient and Outpatient Wards. 
44
Visit toSuperspecialityHospital. 
 VCM-615                                             CLINICAL PRACTICE- II                                       0+3=3
 
Objectives:- Application of the theoretical concepts in practice
 
Lecture
No.
                                           Topics to be covered
1-3
Clinical examination and preparation of data base of various infectious and non-infectious clinical cases 
4-10
Interpretations of X-ray/ ECG/ USG/ Endoscopy etc and Laboratory tests. 
11-25
Recording of clinical cases  of various systems including Metabolic and Deficiency Disorders of  different species (Min. 25 cases) 
26-27
Preparation of  medical kit and attending emergency cases and critical care 
28-32
Presentation of clinical cases/critical care management of each student (minimum  5 cases) 
33-41
Attending Clinical cases of Inpatient and Outpatient wards 
42-43
Visit toSuperspecialityHospital 
 VCM-691                               MASTER’S SEMINAR                                         1+0=1
 
                The topic of the seminar shall be finalized by the course teacher in consultation with the HOS/HOD.
 
 
VCM-699                                MASTER’S RESEARCH                                      0+20=20

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