UG Syllabus

Course Title: General Veterinary Parasitology and Helminthology          Course No:- VPA 211 (3+1)
Semester: III                                                                                                                      Credits: 3+1
 
Sr. No.
Lecture Schedule for theory
1.
Introduction to Parasitology, types of animal associations, parasite and types of parasitism (Comensalism, Symbiosis, Predatorism, Phoresis and Mutualism).
2.
Types of Hosts (Final, intermediate, paratenic and reservoir), vector, natural and unnatural, host parasite relationship and types of parasites
3.
Effects of parasitism to their host, specificity of parasites in relation to species, breed, sex of host and location in the host (organ specificity)
4.
Modes of transmission of parasites and methods of dissemination of infective stages of parasites
5.
Resistance of host to parasitic infections/infestation. Complete, incomplete age and reverse age resistance
6.
Immunity to parasitic infections (natural and acquired)
7.
Nomenclature of parasites, standardized nomenclature of animal parasitic diseases (SNOAPAD)
8.
General characters of Phylum: Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes and Acanthocephala
9.
General description of helmith parasites affecting domestic animals and birds. Classification of helmith parasites
10.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of liverfluke Fasciola spp.
11.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of liver fluke Dicrocoelium spp., Opisthorchis spp. and Intestinal fluke Fasciolopsis spp.
12.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of blood flukes Schistosoma nasale spp.
13.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of flukes causing cercarial dermatitis and visceral (hepato-intestinal) schistosomosis (Schistosoma, S.spindale, S.indicum, S.incognitum and Ornithobilarzia spp.)
14.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Amphistomes, Paramphistomum, Cotylophoron, Gastrothylax, Fischoedirus, Gastrodiscus, Gastrodiscoides, Psuedodiscus and Gigantocotyle spp.) and immature amphistomiasis
15.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of lung flukes (Paragonimus spp.) and oviduct fluke (Prosthogonimus spp.)
16.
Study on general characters of cestodes and larval metacestodes (bladder worms) of tapeworms
17.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of ruminant tapeworms (Moniezia spp., Avitellina spp. Stilesia spp.
18.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of equine tapeworms (Anoplocephala, Paranoplocephala spp.
19.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of poultry tapeworms ( Davainea, Cotugnia, Raillietina, Amoebotaeina spp.
20.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of dog tapeworms (Dipylidium, Taenia spp.
21.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Human tapeworms (Taenia saginata and Taenia solium)
22.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of dog tapeworms (Multiceps, Echinococcus spp.)
23.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Broad fish tapeworm (Diphyllobothrium, Spirometra spp. ), Dwarf tapeworm  (Hymenolepsis spp.)
24.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Ascaris spp.
25.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of  Parascaris and Oxyuris spp.
26.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Toxocara spp.
27.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Toxocara spp.
28.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Ascardia and Heterakis spp.
29.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Bursate worms Strongyloides and Strongylus spp.
30.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Bursate worms Strongylus contd., Chabertia and Syngamus spp.
31.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Bursate worms Strongylus contd., Chabertia and Syngamus spp.
32.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Bursate worm Oesophagostomum spp.
33.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of kidney worm (Stephanurus spp., Dioctyophyma spp.)
34.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of hookworms (Ancylostoma spp., Agriostomum spp.)
35.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of hookworm Bunostomum spp., Trichostrongylus spp.
36.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of hookworm Oestertagia spp., Cooperia spp., Nematodirus spp.
37.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of stomach worms Haemonchus spp. Meicistocirrus spp.
38.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of tissue round worms Draschia spp., Habronema spp., Thelezia spp.
39.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of tissue round worms Spirocerca, Gongylonema spp.
40.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of Filarial worms Dirofilaria, Parafilaria spp.
41.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of filarial worms Onchocerca, Setaria, Stephanofilaria spp.
42.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of lung worms Dictyocaulus spp., Mullerius spp., Protostrongylus spp., Metastrongylus spp.
43.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of guinea worm Dracunculus spp.
44.
Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance, life cycle, transmission, pathogenesis, symptoms, epidemiology, diagnosis and general control measures including treatment of guinea worm Trichinella and Trichuris spp.
45.
General principles of control of helmithic diseases by adapting physical, chemical, biological control ( Integrated Parasite Control, IPC)
46.
International regulations for control of different helminthic diseases
 
 
Course Title: General Veterinary Parasitology and Helminthology          Course No:- VPA 211 (3+1)
Semester: III                                                                                                                      Credits: 3+1
Sr. No.
Topic to be covered in practical
1.
Methods of collection, fixation, preservation and mounting of helminth parasites
2.
Faecal samples analysis – Quantitative
3.
Faecal sample analysis – Quantitative/faecal culture
4.
Fasciola, Dicrocoelium, Opistorchis spp.
5.
Paramphistomum, Cotylophoron, Gigantocotyle, Gastrothylax, Fischoedirus, Gastrodiscus, Psuedodiscus spp.
6.
Schistosoma nasale, S.spindale, S.indicum spp.
7.
Monieza, Avitellina, Stilesia, Anoplocephala spp.
8.
Davainea, Railettina, Amoebotaenia, Hymenolepsis spp.
9.
Dipylidium, Taenia, Diphyllobothrium latum, Spirometra spp.
10.
Bladder worms: Cysticercus Coenurus, Hydatid, Cysticercoid spp.
11.
Ascaris, Parascaris, Ascardia, Heterakis spp.
12.
Toxocara, Toxoascaris spp.
13.
Strongylus,Stephanurus, Syngamus, Ancylostoma spp.
14.
Trichostrongylus, Meicistocirrus, Haemonchus, Bunostomum, Dictyocaulus spp.
15.
Spirocerca, Thelazia, Setaria, Habronema spp.
16.
Trichuris, Trichinella spp.
  
Semester: IV:                                                                                  Credit Hours: 1+1=2
Course Title: Veterinary Entomology & Acarology           Course No: VPA -221
 
A) THEORY SCHEDULE: (One Hour)
 
1)         General description and characterization of arthropods, Characterization of Class           Insecta & Class Arachnida.
 
2)         Classification of Insecta, Development of Insects, Metamorphosis, Types of           Metamorphosis – Complete & Incomplete, Types of Larvae & Pupae
 
3)         Study of Culicoides spp. & Simulium spp.
 
4)         Study of Phlebotomus spp.; Characterization &Classification of Family Culicidae
 
5)         Study of Culex spp. Anopheles spp. & Aedes spp.
 
6)         Study of Tabanus spp. & Haematopota spp.
 
7)         Study of Musca spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp & Sarcophaga spp.
 
8)         Blow fly myiasis: Study of Lucilia spp., Calliphora spp., Chrysomyia spp. and Phormia spp.
 
9)         Screw worm fly myiasis – Study of  Chrysomyia spp. & Callitroga spp.& types of    myiasis – Obligatory, Facultative & Accidental
 
10)       Study of Oestrus ovis & Gasterophilus spp.
 
11)       Study of Hypoderma spp., Hippobosca spp., Pseudolynchia spp. & Melophagus      ovinus.
 
12)       Study of Fleas – Ctenocephalides spp., Pulex spp., Echidnophaga gallinacea &       Xenopsylla spp.
 
13)       Study of Lice – Anopleura- Haematopinnus spp., Linognathus spp. & Mallophaga –            Damalinia spp., Heterodoxus spp. & Trichodectes spp.  Menopon gallinae, Lipeurus            caponis & Menacanthus straminus & Bugs ( Cimex lectularius)
 
14)       Study of Gamasid mites – Dermanyssus spp. & Soft ticks – Ornithodoros spp. &     Otobius spp.
 
15)       Study of Argas persicus
 
16)       Study of hard ticks- Boophilus spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Haemaphysalis spp.,          Hyalomma spp., Amblyomma spp. & Ixodes spp.
 
17)       Follicular Mange – Demodex spp.
 
18)       Study of Sarcoptes scabiei., Notoedres cati, Psoroptes spp. & Chorioptes spp.
 
Note:  The word “Study” includes morphology, Life-cycle, habits, Harmful effects – vector potential, diagnosis, treatment & control. The emphasis on the economic and zoonotic significance should be dealt with respective topics
 
 
 
B) PRACTICAL SCHEDULE
 
1)         Collection and preservation of arthropods.
 
2)         Processing of arthropods
 
3)         Proboscis of Cockroach, Mosquito, Tabanus, Musca spp., Stomoxys spp. &             Hippobosca spp.
 
4)         Study of Mosquitoes
 
5)         Study of Culicoides spp., Phlebotomus spp. & Simulium spp.
 
6)         Study of Tabanus spp. & Haematopota spp.
 
7)         Study of Musca spp., Stomoxys spp. & Sarcophaga spp.
 
8)         Study of Lucilia spp., Calliphora spp., Chrysomyia spp. Phormia spp.
 
9)         Study of Chrysomyia spp., Callitroga spp., Oestrus ovis,  Gasterophilus spp. &        Hypoderma spp.
 
10)       Study of Hippobosca spp., Pseudolynchia spp. & Melophagus ovinus.
 
11)       Study of Ctenocephalides spp., Pulex spp., Echidnophaga gallinacea ,
          Xenopsylla spp.             & Cimex lectularius
 
12)       Study of Haematopinnus spp., Linognathus spp. & Trichodectes spp.,  Damalinia spp.,       Heterodoxus spp. Menopon gallinae, Lipeurus caponis & Menacanthus straminus
 
13)       Study of Dermanyssus spp., Argas persicus, Ornithodoros spp. & Otobius spp.
 
14)       Study of Boophilus spp., Rhipicephalus spp. & Haemaphysalis spp.
 
15)       Study of Hyalomma spp., Amblyomma spp. & Ixodes spp.
 
16)       Study of Demodex spp., Sarcoptes scabiei., Notoedres cati, Psoroptes
 spp. & Chorioptes spp.
 
Note: During practical hours the students shall observe gross & microscopic morphology of the adult & immature stages of the arthropods with diagnostic approach.
 
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Course Title: Veterinary Protozoology                                  Course No: VPA-222
Semester: IV                                                                                   Credit Hours: 2+1=3       
 
 
A)        THEORY SCHEDULE
 
1)         General description of protozoa, Differentiation from Protophyta
 
2)         Nutrition, excretion, respiration & locomotion in protozoa
 
3)         Reproduction in protozoa & classification of protozoa
 
4)         Study of Entamoeba spp.
 
5)         General features of zoomastigophora, its Orders & Family Trypanosomatidae. Life-         cycle stages of the family, Genera of Trypanosomatidae, pattern of developmental     cycle of the members of the family.
 
6)         Genus Trypanosoma, Types of Development – Salivaria & Stercoraria – Subgenera &       species of Trypanosoma, Study of cyclically transmitted Salivarian Trypanosoma spp.
 
7)         Study of Stercorarian Trypanosoma spp. (T. cruzi & T. theileri)
 
8)         Study of Mechanically transmitted Trypanosomes – Trypanosoma evansi
 
9)         Study of Trypanosoma equinum & Trypanosoma equipardum
 
10)       Study of visceral leishmanosis – Leishmania spp.
 
11)       Study of cutaneous leishmanosis – Leishmania tropica & Giardia spp.
 
12)       Study of bovine trichomonosis – Tritrichomonas foetus
 
13)       Study of avian trichomonosis – Trichomonas gallinae & Histomonas meleagridis
 
14)       General features of Phylum Apicomplexa, Class  Sporozoea, Subclass Coccidiia, Order     Eucoccidiida & Piroplasmida. Suborders of Eucoccidiida – Eimerina, haemosporina &       Adeilina.  Family Eimeriidae  & its Genera – Eimeria spp., Isospora spp.
 
15)       General pattern of life-cycle of coccidia
 
16)       Study of Poultry coccidiosis – Eimeria tenella & Eimeria necatrix
 
17)       Study of Poultry coccidiosis – Eimeria acervulina, Eimeria maxima & Eimeria brunetti
 
18)       Epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, control & immunity of poultry coccidiosis
 
19)       Study of bovine coccidiosis-
 
20)       Study of ovine,caprine, dod, cat and pig coccidia
 
21)       Study of Cryptosporidium spp.
 
22)      Study of Sarcocystis spp.
 
23)       Study of Toxoplasma spp.
 
24)        Continuation of Toxoplasmosis and Study of Neospora caninum
 
25)       Study of avian malaria – Plasmodium gallinaceum & Plasmodium bubalis
 
26)       Study of Haemoproteus columbae & Hepatozoon canis.
 
27)       General features of Babesia & Life-cycle patterns of Babesia spp.
 
28)       In general pathogenesis of Babesia spp. &Strudy of bovine piroplasmosis- Babesia            bigemina & Babesia bovis
 
29)       Study of canine piroplasmosis (Babesia canis & Babesia gibsoni)  & equine            piroplasmosis (Babesia caballi & Babesia equi)
 
30)       Study of Theileria spp.
 
31)      Continuation of Theileriosis
           
32)       Study of Ehrlichia spp.
 
33)       Protozoan vaccines
 
34)       Control of Protozoan infections in animals and man – General principles
 
35)       Molecular tools in diagnosis of protozoan infections in animals & man.
 
Note:  The word “Study” includes morphology, Life-cycle, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & control. The emphasis on the economic and zoonotic significance shall be dealt with respective topics.
 
 
B) PRACTICAL SCHEDULE: (Two Hours)
1)         Diagnosis of protozoan infection Part I: Enteric and tissue dwelling protozoan       infections.
 
2)         Diagnosis of protozoan infection Part II: Haemoprotozoan infections.
 
3)         Study of Entamoeba spp.
 
4)         Study of Trypanosoma spp. and Leishmania spp.
 
5)         Study of Tritrichomonas spp., Trichomonas spp. Histomonas meleagridis and Giardia spp.
 
6)         Study of Life cycle of Coccidia.
 
7)         Study of oocysts of common species of coccidia of bovines, ovine, caprine, dog,cat, pig and poultry.
 
8)         Technique for sporulation of coccidian oocysts.
 
9)         Study of Sarcocystis spp. with its life cycle chart.
 
10)       Study of Toxoplasma gondii  & Neospora caninum with life cycle charts
 
11)       Study of Plasmodium gallinaceum and its life cycle chart.
 
12)       Study of Haemoproteus columbae and its life cycle chart.
 
13)       Study of Babesia spp. of cattle and dog with life cycle chart & Hepatozoon canis.
 
14)       Study of Theleria spp. with life cycle chart  and Balantidium coli.
 
15)       Study of Anaplasm spp., Ehrlichia spp.
 
 Note: During practical hours the students shall observe gross & microscopic morphology of the stages of protozoan parasites. The organs showing characteristic lesions shall be displayed with the respective topics.
 
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